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  1. Discrimination | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
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  3. Race discrimination

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Discrimination | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Just a heads up, we use cookies to give you the best experience on our website and to help improve our service. By continuing to use kidshelpline. Learn more. Cultural differences and conflict. What is culture? Culture is the accepted norms and practices of a particular group of people. How can cultural discrimination harm young people?

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  3. Cultural Differences and Discrimination.
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Cultural discrimination is when a person is treated less favourably because of their culture. Australia provides laws to protect its citizens but despite this, some young people are insulted, humiliated or threatened because of their culture. It can lead to:. Feelings of sadness and lack of trust in other people. Anxiety and fear of being attacked verbally or physically. Managing urges to retaliate and consequences of doing so. What can I do to encourage cultural acceptance? Raise your child with pride in their own cultural identity.

If your child is hurt by discrimination, remind them of their strengths.

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  • Avoid reacting in anger or retaliating in front of your child. Encourage them to be assertive where safe to do so. Expose your child to multicultural experiences and diverse friendships. Talk with them about stereotypes and actively challenge these. Reassure your child that they're not alone. Tell them discrimination is not ok. Talk positively about other cultures. Support for you and your child. Join with others who celebrate cultural differences and take a stand against discrimination.

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    Communication tips Young people often tell Kids Helpline they find it difficult to communicate Building respectful relationships As a parent, you play an important role in helping your kids How Parentline can help you Parenting can be a tough job but also really rewarding. Surviving as a female slasher victim was strongly associated with the absence of sexual behavior.

    In slasher films, the message appears to be that sexual women get killed and only the pure women survive, thus reinforcing the idea that female sexuality can be costly. One's sexual orientation is a "predilection for homosexuality, heterosexuality, or bisexuality". They may experience hatred from others because of their sexual preferences; a term for such hatred based upon one's sexual orientation is often called homophobia.

    Many continue to hold negative feelings towards those with non-heterosexual orientations and will discriminate against people who have them or are thought to have them. People of other uncommon sexual orientations also experience discrimination. One study found its sample of heterosexuals to be more prejudiced against asexuals than to homosexuals or bisexuals. Employment discrimination based on sexual orientation varies by country. Revealing a lesbian sexual orientation by means of mentioning an engagement in a rainbow organisation or by mentioning one's partner name lowers employment opportunities in Cyprus and Greece but overall, it has no negative effect in Sweden and Belgium.

    This research found that of the 80 countries around the world that continue to consider homosexuality illegal, five carry the death penalty for homosexual activity, and two do in some regions of the country. The article stated, among other things that honor killings by Iraqis against a gay family member are common and given some legal protection. A number of countries, especially those in the Western world , have passed measures to alleviate discrimination against sexual minorities, including laws against anti-gay hate crimes and workplace discrimination.

    Some have also legalized same-sex marriage or civil unions in order to grant same-sex couples the same protections and benefits as opposite-sex couples. Speciesism is intolerance or discrimination on the basis of species membership.

    Drug use discrimination is the unequal treatment people experience because of the drugs they use. Ideas of self-ownership and cognitive liberty affirm rights to use drugs, whether for medicine [] [] [] recreation , [] [] [] or spiritual fulfilment. Declaration of Independence , the U.

    Constitution and Bill of Rights , [] [] the European Convention on Human Rights , [] [] and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights , [] as protecting personal drug choices. They are inspired by and see themselves following in the tradition of those who have struggled against other forms of discrimination in the past.

    Drug policy reform organizations such as the Drug Policy Alliance , [] the Drug Equality Alliance , [] the Transform Drug Policy Foundation , [] and the Beckley Foundation [] have highlighted the issue of stigma and discrimination in drug policy. The Partnership for Drug-Free Kids also recognizes this issue [] and shares on its website stories that "break through the stigma and discrimination that people with drug or drinking problems often face. A report issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy , critical of the global war on drugs, [] states, under "Undermining Human Rights, Fostering Discrimination":.

    Punitive approaches to drug policy are severely undermining human rights in every region of the world. They lead to the erosion of civil liberties and fair trial standards, the stigmatization of individuals and groups — particularly women, young people, and ethnic minorities — and the imposition of abusive and inhumane punishments. Although still illegal at the federal level, about half of U.

    Race discrimination

    In the US, a government policy known as affirmative action was instituted to encourage employers and universities to seek out and accept groups such as African Americans and women, who have been subject to discrimination for a long time. Some attempts at antidiscrimination have been criticized as reverse discrimination. In particular, minority quotas for example, affirmative action may discriminate against members of a dominant or majority group or other minority groups.

    In its opposition to race preferences, the American Civil Rights Institute's Ward Connerly stated, "There is nothing positive, affirmative, or equal about 'affirmative action' programs that give preference to some groups based on race. Social theories such as egalitarianism assert that social equality should prevail. In some societies, including most developed countries, each individual's civil rights include the right to be free from government sponsored social discrimination.

    Discrimination, in labeling theory , takes form as mental categorization of minorities and the use of stereotype. This theory describes difference as deviance from the norm, which results in internal devaluation and social stigma [] that may be seen as discrimination. It is started by describing a "natural" social order.

    It is distinguished between the fundamental principle of fascism and social democracy. This practice continues with some present day governments. Economist Yanis Varoufakis argues that "discrimination based on utterly arbitrary characteristics evolves quickly and systematically in the experimental laboratory", and that neither classical game theory nor neoclassical economics can explain this. At the start of each session, each participant was assigned a color at random, either red or blue.

    At each round, each player learned the color assigned to his or her opponent, but nothing else about the opponent. Hargreaves-Heap and Varoufakis found that the players' behavior within a session frequently developed a discriminatory convention, giving a Nash equilibrium where players of one color the "advantaged" color consistently played the aggressive "hawk" strategy against players of the other, "disadvantaged" color, who played the acquiescent "dove" strategy against the advantaged color.

    Players of both colors used a mixed strategy when playing against players assigned the same color as their own. The experimenters then added a cooperation option to the game, and found that disadvantaged players usually cooperated with each other, while advantaged players usually did not.